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There is a close relationship between the child's psychomotor skills and school learning. The child's motor activity is parallel to the development of his intelligence, so we will see how one activity can help and complement the other. Thus, in the case of writing, for example, in order to complete it, the child must have a normal development of fine motor skills, and a correct tonic-postural regulation. And so with all the child's motor acquisitions, among which crawling stands out.
Crawling is a stage in the development of children that occurs approximately between 6 and 9 months. By crawling we understand the act of moving on four support points, with a crossover pattern of movement. Obviously there are many other forms of crawling or movement, and what is really important is that the baby moves, but today's post is aimed at that type of crawling as specific as it is the one I initially described.
There are a series of benefits that crawling provides, at the learning level for the child, such as:
1- The development of the crossed pattern of movement, which is the neurological function that makes body movement possible. This movement consists of moving the right arm and foot on the opposite side, and the same with the other arm and foot, in each movement. When they crawl, the muscles are toned that will allow the child to tone the spine, which will help him to stay upright when he stands up in the next stage.
2- Crawling will help the baby to exercise and perfect his vision. Now the baby has to be more attentive to his surroundings, to see where he is going and what he is exploring, therefore learn to focus both eyes and focus at a distance of about 30-40 cm, the same distance at which he must, later place the book when he begins to read and write, in his school stage. In this regard there is a very interesting study by Glenn Doman.
3- The vestibular system is developed, which is in charge of regulating balance, and the proprioceptive system, which will allow the baby know where the different parts of the body are and how to place them.
4- Through movement, children develop their communication skills by exploring and interacting with their world, it also promotes greater confidence in themselves, making them feel physically and emotionally competent when they use their body to communicate and solve problems (Jacobson, 2004 ).
5- Another benefit of crawling is that it is stimulates the tactility of the palm of the hand, which in turn benefits fine motor skills that in the future will translate into good control of the writing stroke. By massaging the palm of the hand, it sends information to the brain about the sensations and textures that the child feels.
6- Through crawling the manual eye coordination. When the child crawls, a distance similar to that between the eye and the hand is established between the eye and the hand when reading and writing.
7- It connects the cerebral hemispheres creating crucial information routes for the maturation of the different cognitive functions.
8- And finally, among all the benefits of crawling, it also helps to establish the lateralization of the brain more or less at 5-6 years, when one of the hemispheres becomes dominant.
You can read more articles similar to Benefits of crawling for baby development, in the category of on-site development stages.