The tilde is one of the most common spelling mistakes among children. And one of the last spelling rules they learn, since they respond to a series of rules that they must memorize and practice.
For children learn to write well the words with accents, before they must understand where to place the accent or stressed syllable.
Depending on which syllable the voice has the greatest load, (stressed syllable) the words are classified as Treble, Graves or Llanas, Esdrújulas and Sobreesdrújulas.
- Treble: the greatest load of voice is in the last syllable.
- Graves: the largest voice load is on the penultimate syllable.
- Esdrújulas: the highest voice load is on the third to last syllable.
- Sobreesdrújula: the greatest load of voice is in the syllable before the penultimate.
The tilde always goes over the vowels and to know in which stressed syllable it is carried, we must attend to a series of rules.
1. If the word is acute and ends in a vowel, or in a consonant N or S, it has an accent.
Examples of sharp words:
- CordóN, foundedÓ, reverse, carmine, compass, anise, tiburon, also, etc., all end in a vowel, in N or S and carry the highest voice load in the last syllable, therefore they are acute words and must have an accent (´)
- SutiL, acostaR, quality, saluD, animaL, amistaD, deciR, they end neither in vowel nor in N or S, for that reason they do not have an accent (written accent) but they are sharp words as they carry the greatest load of voice in the last syllable.
2. When the stressed syllable goes to the penultimate syllable we say that the word is grave or flat and must have an accent when it ends in any consonant that is neither N nor S.
Examples of serious words that have an accent:
- AngeL, martyR, difficult, tree, jail, soccer, amber, grass, etc. All these words are serious and none ends in either N or S, which is why they have an accent in the vowel of the stressed syllable.
- WORD, imageN, deputy, viruS, luneS, coletA, volumeN etc., they are also serious words because they carry the highest voice load in the penultimate syllable, but as they end in a vowel, in N and S, they do not have an accent.
3. Esdrújulas words always have an accent (written accent).
Examples of esdrújulas words:
- Camera, FAST, ANALYSIS, MEDICAL, Bird, CaTAStrophe, Poligon, Pyramid, etc.
4. The words sobreesdrújulas always carry accent.
Examples of sobreesdrújulas words:
- Tell me, buy it, tell it, meekly, weakly, swallow it, etc. If the adjective from which they are born does not have an accent, it will not be put into the word, for example, obviously and evidently.
1. If the word is serious and does not end in a vowel, or in N and S, the accent must be placed on the stressed syllable, (unlike in acute words).
2. The words esdrújulas always carry an accent.
3. Words that have only one syllable do not have an accent, except when we have to differentiate it from another, for example:
- I want a cup of tea for a snack.
- I brought you a gift.
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